In downtown Vancouver, British Columbia, a steel and glass tower gives rise to a dramatic cantilever over Richards Street. Telus Garden unabashedly celebrates structural attributes that continue inside, featuring exposed, long-span composite steel deck ceilings.
With a new project on the horizon for Canada’s largest telecom, local structural engineering firm, Glotman-Simpson had an idea: The use of long-span composite steel decking could be ideal for such a large-scale project, contributing to an open, column-free design. So, they brought the idea to the attention of the architecture firm, Henriquez Partners.
Soon, a number of structural challenges became clear.
An open floor plan, controlled acoustics and floor vibration were significant obstacles. Another consideration was to maximize floor-to-ceiling height, while accounting for mechanical and electrical distribution. To address these concerns, New Millennium Building Systems was called upon to coordinate with the architect and engineer. Together, they arrived at a Deep-Dek® composite 6.0 steel deck profile to address all concerns.
The open floor plan and towering open spaces of the Telus Garden office project feature Deep-Dek® composite steel deck slab construction. Floor-to-ceiling heights were maximized by MEP integration and the elimination of drop ceiling costs.
Built-in advantages of composite deck
An important feature of the decking is the factory-produced closed ends of each deck section. The end closures enable the concrete to be poured continuously, as the tapered ends terminate at the supporting structure and increase its capacity to withstand large reactions at the bearing point. The steel decking integrates with the concrete for a UL-rated assembly. By adding a 5-inch normal weight concrete topping, the resulting 11-1/8-inch total slab depth has an unprotected 2-hour fire rating. Intumescent paint is required at the structural members only.
The factory closed ends of the Deep-Dek® allow for concrete to be poured continuously, increasing its capacity to withstand large reactions at the bearing point.
To meet the challenge of the open floor plan, the deck slab assembly cleared a remarkable span of 32-feet and is 30 to 35 percent lighter than an equal thin plate concrete slab. New Millennium provided vibration analysis and certified slab analysis that, unlike other composite designs, accounts for long-term deflection. While a cellular acoustical version of the composite deck is available, this was not pursued by the architect and engineering team.
During production, New Millennium pre-cut holes in the deck to accommodate junction boxes for electrical distribution. Mechanical piping and most ducts were run through the flutes of the deep deck profile. This maximized floor-to-ceiling heights, as typical high-rise construction can compromise ceiling heights by as much as five feet using dropped ceilings to conceal massive ducts. Also avoided were the costs for drop ceiling interstitial beams, material and labor.
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